Russia and nine other countries should have been excluded from last year’s Olympics in China, as should all of the participants in five disciplines – but the International Olympic Committee chose to ignore its own charter on doping.
“Sometimes there are powers in the sporting world that are stronger than the rules,” says Denmark's Sports Analysis Institute Director Henrik Brandt.
Strict rules ignored
The Olympic Charter determines that a country which has not implemented the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) codex is barred from sending athletes to the Olympic Games. At the same time, IOC rules determine that a discipline, whose international organization does not follow the same codex, is also barred from taking part.